Children washed ashore on the coasts of Turkey and elsewhere; refugees1 being detained in the hotspots on the Mediterranean islands, waiting either to be returned or their asylum applications to be processed; and thousands of migrants walking thousands of kilometers to reach Germany in the summer of 2015… Those are the costs of fleeing from home, where there is an ongoing civil war for years; fleeing with the hope for a better life, with human rights and dignity. And those are the incidents happened in the 21st century, in front of the eyes of the millions, which turned out to be “one of the largest forced movements of people since the end of World War II” as described by scholars and the media.
This January, I had an opportunity to do fieldwork at Davos for my research on the role of political, cultural and economic elites in world politics and international relations. Davos is an Alpine resort in Switzerland but in this context it stands for the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which has been held in the town since 1971.1
Since its inception in 2009, the BRICS (as of 2011 composed of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) has forcefully argued that in the emerging world order, the West lacks both the moral and political authority to set the rules of globalisation and dictate for sovereign states how they should or should not behave.
Professor Kemal Kirişci gave a guest lecture about EU-Turkey relations on the Faculty of Management last week. A lot has changed since Kirişci’s last visit to Tampere 40 years ago. During this time, Kirişci has seen the end of the Cold War with its profound consequences including the rise and fall of European integration and EU-Turkey relations. But what has actually happened? What are the reasons behind these developments?