“Nationalism, corruption, polarization and populism. Undermining of human rights, separation of powers and hasty law-making”. These are all issues that were identified as major contemporary or future threats to the rule of law in the conference “How can we protect the rule of law”, held on 5th of February 2019 in Tampere University. The conference was organized by the Public Law research group and was a part of the official programme of the Finnish Presidency of the Council of Europe. The rule of law is also important in the upcoming Finnish EU presidency that begins at the start of July 2019.